The European badger Meles meles from Middle Pleistocene to Early Holocene of Italian Peninsula


Beniamino Mecozzi

PaleoFactory Laboratory, Department of Earth Science, Sapienza, University of Rome, P.le Aldo Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy.;  


How to cite: Mecozzi (2020). The European badger Meles meles from Middle Pleistocene to Early Holocene of Italian Peninsula. Fossilia, Volume 2020: 37-40.

Bullet-Points Abstract
  • The first occurrence of Meles meles is form the late Early Pleistocene (1.3 Ma).
  • European badger is widely widespread across Europe during the Early Pleistocene to Late Pleistocene.
  • The size variability of Meles meles is not linked to evolutionary trend through the Middle Pleistocene to Early Holocene and/or considered as response to climatic changes.

Keywords: Mediterranean; Carnivoran; size variability.


Tab. 1. Extant and fossil remains from Middle Pleistocene to Early Holocene of Meles meles from Italian Peninsula.

Fig. 1. Size variation in Meles meles, as indicated by the length of the upper carnassial (P4/L), upper first molar (M/1L) and lower carnassial (M1L). Geochronology, age in millions of years and Oxygen isotope curves (after Shackleton, 1995) on the left, next the fossiliferous sites and their suggested ages indicated by line. Colors: red – extant specimens; black – Late Pleistocene to Early Holocene specimen; grey - Middle Pleistocene specimen.

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